The life expectancy for men is about 78 years and for women about 80. But according to the Society of Actuaries Retirement Participant 2000 tables, a 65-year old man has a 20% chance of living to 90 and a 65-year old woman a 32% chance of living that long. Furthermore, a married man and woman have almost a 20% chance that one of them will live to be 95. Think about the implications of that. With the average social security benefit being in the neighborhood of $1230/month, can our society afford those payments, particularly as we see health care costs rise? And what about the need many of those longer-living folks have for maintenance care, not medical or skilled care, just the activities of daily living. You know: eating, bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, etc. How can we possibly manage?
Fifty years ago or so, there were about 15 or 16 people working for every retiree. More recently, in 2005, that number dropped to just over 3, including all of the immigrants. And the latest data show that in the next 20 years that number could drop to just 2 workers for every retiree! Two! And I’m not even mentioning how much longer each retiree will live or the health care they will require.
In Japan, these numbers are so much more alarming but show us what our future might look like. In Japan they anticipate that in 20 years there will be just 1 worker for each retiree, and their life expectancy is even higher than ours in the US. What they’ve done over the last 10 years or so is increase their revenue by raising the premium rates for employee and national pension programs like ours. They certainly put their money where their values are. It’s probably not enough but they seem to be confronting the problems.
But what about here? Are we willing to see our parents (or our own) benefits drop in relation to our needs? Will you be able to sustain yourself until you’re in your 90’s? We keep talking about our unwillingness to pass along our debt to our children. Yet we don’t seem to be willing to pay more to do so. We keep saying that we need to cut, cut, and cut some more. Sure, let’s cut where we can. But why is it that we are so unwilling to contribute more to social security? We keep saying that it’s OUR money. Nope, it’s now ours, any more so than the money we spend to defend our nation. The money we contribute toward Medicare and Social Security is money to help our parents and grandparents. We’ve got to stop talking as if the money we pay is ours and start allowing the rate and the maximum amount of our annual contribution to rise. It’s the only hope we have to sustain the future.